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Focus and Scope

‘A few scholarly ventures have defined the early history of peer-reviewed online research and publication in the humanities. 19 is one of them.’
Jerome McGann, founder of the Rossetti Archive and author of Radiant Textuality: Literary Studies after the World Wide Web (Palgrave/St. Martin's Press, 2001)

19 is an open access, scholarly, peer-reviewed online journal dedicated to advancing interdisciplinary study in the long nineteenth century. Based at Birkbeck, 19’s editorial team comprises Dr Carolyn Burdett (general editor); Dr Victoria Mills (editorial responsibility for the journal’s visual content); and Dr David Gillott (assistant editor with overview of publication processes). The journal was originally conceived as a means to extend the activities of Birkbeck’s Centre for Nineteenth-Century Studies by making the high-quality, original scholarship presented at its Forum, conferences, symposia, and other events available to an international audience.

Launched in October 2005 as the first free online journal of its kind in nineteenth-century studies, 19 is a popular and valuable resource for nineteenth-century scholars across the globe. The journal has established a reputation for publishing field-defining work in both traditional and innovative ways, and it remains committed to this aim.

We publish two themed issues annually, curated by a guest editor, and consisting of a collection of peer-reviewed articles showcasing the broadest range of new research in nineteenth-century studies, as well as additional special forums advancing critical debate in the field. We seek to explore, utilize, and advance the digital possibilities of our publishing platform in presenting the nineteenth century to a wide readership.

In February 2009 19 aggregated with NINES, allowing readers to search, collect, tag, and share 19 content using the NINES collex interface. As academic publishing moves forward into the open-access future, 19 continues to innovate and pursue the highest standards in electronic scholarly publishing. In 2015, the year of the journal’s tenth anniversary, 19 joined the Open Library of Humanities. Founded by Professor Martin Eve and Dr Caroline Edwards (both at Birkbeck), the OLH provides an ethically sound and sustainable open access model for humanities research.

Readers of 19 can choose to access articles in downloadable PDF form, or via a web browser as html pages. Our new site enhances 19’s supplementary features, allowing us to present a rich array of audio and visual material alongside more traditional format scholarly essays.

We invite you to:

  • Explore: browse our archive.
  • Debate: we invite readers to comment on and discuss article and image content, to join critical debates, and offer new perspectives on material.
  • Research: draw on an extensive range of nineteenth-century online resources via our reading tools to enhance your research. Conveniently set up to enable you to search for terms or references alongside reading articles, 19 makes use of web 2.0 technologies to aid your research, encouraging you to discover new links and make fresh connections between material and ideas.
  • Learn: our articles are freely available to view and print, making 19 a valuable educational resource for students and teachers of nineteenth-century studies alike. By enabling new pathways to other materials and resources, 19 is an exciting and inspiring point-of-call for inquisitive learners. 

Publication Frequency

We typically publish two themed issues annually (in spring and autumn), each consisting of peer-reviewed articles that showcase the broadest range of new research in nineteenth-century studies. 19 cannot, at this point, accept unsolicited work.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Archiving Policy

The journal’s publisher, Ubiquity Press, focuses on making content discoverable and accessible through indexing services. Content is also archived around the world to ensure long-term availability.

Ubiquity Press journals are indexed by the following services:

In addition, all journals are available for harvesting via OAI-PMH.

This journal utilizes the CLOCKSS, and LOCKSS archiving systems to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. 

If the journal is not indexed by your preferred service, please let us know by emailing or alternatively by making an indexing request directly with the service.


Centre for Nineteenth-Century Studies, Birkbeck, University of London

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